New Siberian Islands, Severnaya Zemlya and Novaya Zemlya are the islands and archipelagos of Russia in the Arctic Sea. The Volga, Europe's longest river, is by far Russia's most important commercial waterway. In the taiga is dominated by podzolic and cryogenic taiga soils, characterized by clearly defined horizontal structure (only in the southern taiga there is sod-podzolic soil). With a population of 180,000, the industrial frontier city of Norilsk is second in population to Murmansk among Russia's settlements above the Arctic Circle. Everyone who is with the RGS Development of hunting, farming (mainly in river valleys). London WC1R 4HQ. Frost weathering is the most important physical process here, gradually shaping a landscape that was severely modified by glaciation in the last ice age. Lithuania 266 km (165 mi) KS3 scheme of work on Russia. Facts about Russian Geography 5: the Arctic Sea. It has tens of thousands of rivers, major mountain ranges such as the Urals, and some of the greatest lakes… See photos of Russia (including Red Square, St. The zone is known for its herds of wild reindeer, for so-called white nights (dusk at midnight, dawn shortly thereafter) in summer, and for days of total darkness in winter. Extending nearly halfway around the Northern Hemisphere and covering much of eastern and northeastern Europe and all of northern Asia, Russia has a maximum east-west extent of some 5,600 miles (9,000 km) and a north-south width of 1,500 to 2,500 miles (2,500 to 4,000 km). Europes northernmost point is the Svalbard archipelago of Norway, and it reaches as far south as the islands of Greece and Malta. It is 1.8 times bigger than the United States. From here you can also see the auroras (northern lights). Basil's Cathedral, Siberia, and more) in this travel photo gallery from National Geographic. The Amur River and its main tributary, the Ussuri, form a long stretch of the winding boundary between Russia and China. This has become a problem, as the unfavorable conditions make agriculture more difficult. The economic driver of Russia is in Europe. Russia, the world's largest country, comprises much of northern Eurasia, and stretches over a vast expanse of Europe and Northern Asia. Russia has nine major mountain ranges. Der Baikalsee befindet sich in den Südsibirischen Gebirgen auf der Grenze zwischen der Oblast Irkutsk am westlichen und nördlichen Ufer und der Republik Burjatien am östlichen und südlichen Ufer. miles (17,075,200 sq.km) and a population of almost 150 million people. With a few changes of status, most of the Soviet-era administrative and territorial divisions of the Russian Republic were retained in constituting the Russian Federation. The tundra region of Russia and the Republics falls mostly in the Arctic climate zone. It occupies the territory of the Eastern Europe and West Siberian plains to the north of 56 ° -58 ° N and most of the territory east of Yenisei River taiga forests reach the southern borders of Russia in Siberia taiga only accounts for over 60% of Russia. Area - comparative: Slightly larger than twice size of Brazil. The highest Rock salt is located in the southwestern Urals and the southwest of Lake Baikal. Poland 204.1 km (126.8 mi) Der europäische Teil Russlands ist von einer Laubwaldzone geprägt. Square Shown above The map above is a political map of the world centered on Europe and Africa. Several low passes provide major transportation routes through the Urals eastward from Europe. The largest federal subjects are in Siberia. Sergey Shoigu Re-Elected to the Post of the President of the Russian Geographical Society. The country has one of the largest gold reserves in the world; mostly in Siberia and the Urals. These are commonly found along with copper, gold, silver, and a large amount of other rare metals. Coordinates. Photograph by Charles Xelot Educational Resources in Your Inbox Join our community of educators and receive the latest information on National Geographic's resources for you and your students. Thirteen seas and parts of two oceans—the Arctic and Pacific—wash Russian shores. The North Caucasus, far eastern Russia, and the western edge of the Kuznetsk Basin in southern Siberia contain an abundance of lead and zinc ores. Approximately 10 percent of Russian territory is classified as swampland. Russia has thousands of rivers and inland bodies of water, providing it with one of the world's largest surface-water resources. See Russia’s massive new gas plant on the Arctic coast As climate change rapidly warms the Arctic, Putin's Russia places a big bet on the future of fossil fuels. Estonia 138 km (86 mi) Though they are abundant, they are in remote areas with extreme climates, making them expensive to mine. As with its topography, its climates, vegetation, and soils span vast distances. Most of its land is more than 400 kilometers (250 mi) from the sea, and the centre is 3,840 kilometers (2,386 mi) from the sea. The country's 17.09 million square kilometers include one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area. Some areas constitute important exceptions to this description, however: the moderate maritime climate of Kaliningrad Oblast on the Baltic Sea is similar to that of the American Northwest; the Russian Far East, under the influence of the Pacific Ocean, has a monsoonal climate that reverses the direction of wind in summer and winter, sharply differentiating temperatures; and a narrow, subtropical band of territory provides Russia's most popular summer resort area on the Black Sea. KS3 Geography Population and migration learning resources for adults, children, parents and teachers. 486.5k Followers, 192 Following, 6,214 Posts - See Instagram photos and videos from National Geographic Russia (@natgeomagazineru) [12], Agriculture has always been important for Russia. It affects where and how long people live and work, what kinds of crops are grown, and where they are grown (no part of the country has a year-round growing season). Crimea, a peninsula on the Black Sea, is claimed and de facto administered by the Russian Federation since Russia annexed it in March 2014. Russia is the largest country in the world in terms of area, but it's unfavorably located in relation to major sea lanes of the world. The continent of Asia is so large and diverse that it often is divided into sub-regions (see map below). Loading in … 5 × 1 of 10 ... Geography- Russia Powerpoint 1. The West Siberian Plain, which is the world's largest, extends east from the Urals to the Yenisei River. China is an East Asian country, situated in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. The region is divided into several plateaus, with elevations ranging between 320 and 740 meters; the highest elevation is about 1,800 meters, in the northern Putoran Mountains. Kazakhstan 7,512.8 km (4,668.2 mi) Latvia 270.5 km (168.1 mi) The most developed fields lie in western Siberia, in the northeastern European region, in the area around Moscow, and in the Urals. Siberia supports a similar sequence but is predominantly taiga. Geography quiz This game will help you to remember location of countries, their capitals and flags. Basis: Russland - Vielvölkerstaat Lösung (PDF) Sie erhalten dieses Arbeitsblatt, wenn Sie bei uns als Lehrerin bzw. Representing a round earth on a flat map requires some distortion of the geographic features no matter how the map is done. This acutely uneven distribution of human and natural resources is a striking feature of Russian geography and population. The EU document said the Russian campaign, pushing fake … Aluminium ores are scarce and are found primarily in the Ural region, northwestern European Russia, and south-central Siberia. Natural gas, a resource of which Russia holds around forty percent of the world's reserves, can be found along Siberia's Arctic coast, in the North Caucasus, and in northwestern Russia. There are smaller deposits in other parts of the country. Copper is more abundant and major reserves are located in the Urals, the Norilsk area near the mouth of the Yenisey in eastern Siberia, and the Kola Peninsula. It is bounded by Poland, Lithuania, and the Baltic Sea. Siberia is the region making up nearly all of Northern Asia. Territorial sea: 12 nmi (22.2 km; 13.8 mi), This page was last edited on 11 January 2021, at 19:51. Moscow has also been the spiritual center of the Russian Orthodox Church for over 600 years. Geographie Lage. The soil is very dry. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}60°N 100°E / 60°N 100°E / 60; 100, Finland 1,271.8 km (790.3 mi) The country is the most abundant in mineral fuels. Also located in this region is the very large Beyenchime-Salaatin crater. This resource is primarily intended for use with Key-Stage 3, though it can feasibly be used for GCSE also. Groundwater is normally found in the forest close to the surface, washing calcium from the upper layers, resulting in the top layer of soil of the taiga discolored and oxidized. Nevertheless, Russian territory contains all the major vegetation zones of the world except a tropical rain forest. Less than one percent of Russia's population lives in this zone. Russia is the largest country in the world with an area of 17,075,400 square kilometers. The exclave of Russia, Kaliningrad also borders the Baltic Sea as well as Lithuania and Poland. Four of the country's thirteen largest cities are located on its banks: Nizhny Novgorod, Samara, Kazan, and Volgograd. The Ural Mountains form the natural boundary between Europe and Asia; the range extends about 2,100 kilometres (1,300 mi) from the Arctic Ocean to the northern border of Kazakhstan. As with its topography, its climates, vegetation, and soils span vast distances. The wider area of the Urals, showing the transition of temperate forest, taiga, steppe and semi-desert, desert      tundra      alpine tundra      taiga      forest      temperate broadleaf forest      temperate steppe      steppe. The Russian landscape varies from sandy and frozen deserts, tall mountains to giant marshes. Russia also contains most of the nonferrous metals. Much of the forested zone has been cleared for agriculture, especially in European Russia. China shares its borders with 14 countries: Mongolia in the north; Russia and North Korea in the northeast; Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar, India, Bhutan and Nepal in the south; Pakistan in the southwest; Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan in the west. The length and severity of the winter, together with the sharp fluctuations in the mean summer and winter temperatures, impose special requirements on many branches of the economy. 1. Russia, the world's largest country, comprises much of northern Eurasia, and stretches over a vast expanse of Europe and Northern Asia. The Moscow Region is located in the basin of the Volga, Oka, Klyazma, and Moscow rivers and covers an area of 46 000 square km, which is considerably larger than Denmark, Switzerland, ... Top 18 Things to See in Moscow . Der größte Teil von Ihnen – eine relativ kleine, lang nicht mehr 100 km. Its European portion, which occupies a substantial part of continental Europe, is home to most of Russia's industrial activity and is where, roughly between the Dnieper River and the Ural Mountains, the Russian Empire took shape. It spans 11 time zones across two continents (Europe and Asia) and has shores on three oceans (the Atlantic, Pacific and Arctic Ocean). [1] Due to its size, Russia displays both monotony and diversity. Altogether, 84 percent of Russia's surface water is located east of the Urals in rivers flowing through sparsely populated territory and into the Arctic and Pacific oceans. The Russian Arctic stretches for close to 7,000 kilometres (4,300 mi) west to east, from Karelia and the Kola Peninsula to Nenetsia, the Gulf of Ob, the Taymyr Peninsula and the Chukchi Peninsula (Kolyma, Anadyr River, Cape Dezhnev). Russia - KS3 exploring and mapping the world teaching resources, shared by experienced teachers. The Russian Geographical Society focused on a relatively small, but deep and comprehensive regional studies and large theoretical summarization. Northeastern Siberia, north of the Stanovoy Range, is an extremely mountainous region. The average yearly temperature of nearly all of Siberia is below freezing, and the average for most of European Russia is between 5 and 0 °C (41 and 32 °F). [4] It is ranked as having the 9th largest population of any country in the world. An average of only 20 millimeters (0.8 in) falls along the Russian–Kazakh border, and as little as 15 millimeters (0.6 in) may fall along Siberia's Arctic coastline. The Russian Geographical Society (Russian: Ру́сское географи́ческое о́бщество «РГО») (RGO) is a learned society based in Saint Petersburg, Russia.It promotes exploration and geography with research programs in fields including oceanography and ethnography Russia is a huge country that is double the size … Thus, average January temperatures are −6 °C (21 °F) in Saint Petersburg, −27 °C (−17 °F) in the West Siberian Plain, and −43 °C (−45 °F) at Yakutsk (in east-central Siberia, at approximately the same latitude as Saint Petersburg), while the winter average on the Mongolian border, whose latitude is some 10° farther south, is barely warmer. This website and its content is subject to our Terms and Mongolia 3,485 km (2,165 mi) Posts about KS3 written by MrsHumanities. View photos, videos, articles and other features about National Geographic Channel's shows Students should be provided with the A3 worksheet, completion of which will take up the bulk of this lesson. In the north of Asia is Siberia - part of Russia. The region directly east of the West Siberian Plain is the Central Siberian Plateau, which extends eastward from the Yenisei River valley to the Lena River valley. The highest is the 4,750-meter Klyuchevskaya Sopka, the highest point in the Russian Far East. Surface deposits of salt are found in salt lakes along the lower Volga Valley. The long, cold winter has a profound impact on almost every aspect of life in Russia. Russia holds the greatest reserves of mineral resources of any country in the world. The highest precipitation falls in the northwest, with amounts decreasing from northwest to southeast across European Russia. From north to south, the country ranges from the northern tip of the Russian Arctic islands at Franz Josef Land to the southern tip of the Republic of Dagestan on the Caspian Sea, spanning about 4,500 kilometres (2,800 mi) of extremely varied, often inhospitable terrain. 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